Sekondi Accra

President Idriss Deby Itno has major plans his country in 2011. He would like to capitalize on both the national and regional situations to strengthen his government's grip on power while petroleum revenues continue to grow. The increased control of the Chadian state security apparatus by his closest relatives in the Itno lineage means that his regime will remained attached to Zaghawa regional politics in Chad and Darfur.

After several delays, the government completed a census in June 2010 and 4.5 million cast their votes on February 6, 2011 in parliamentary elections and will hopefully vote again on April 3, 2011 in presidential elections. There are strong indications that the ruling Mouvement Patriotique du Salut will easily defeat opposition from the coalition Coordination des Partis Politiques pour la Defense de la Constitution.Groups allied with Deby's regime have been overrepresented in the voter-registration process and the distribution of constituencies. Political analysts surmise that President Deby will allocate some seats to opposition leaders in order to foster goodwill and not appear to be an uncomprimising dictator.

On August 13, 2007 Paris and Washington and along with Chad created the present foundation for the current political reconciliation process. Since that time, neither Paris or Washington have have closely monitored progress and their lack of oversight has resulted in lackadaisical enforcement of anti-corruption measures along with sedentary economic governance. A glaring case in point is the corporate decision enacted by the national oil company Societe des Hydrocarbures du Tchad.. When it has decided to unilaterally begin selling its share of production from the Doba field. Many corporate governance concerns were raised but no significant action was taken to stop it. One can only wonder if President Deby will get a cut of the profit? Since there is minscule transparency in the way oil money is allocated, many analysts wonder why so many schools are being built and if only a few teachers are recruited and paid?

If Chad's economic ambitions are to be realized, regional stability must be maintained. This realization has motivated President Deby to improve relations with Sudan's governement headed by Omer Hassan el Beshir in Khartoum. In February 2010 a joint Chadian-Sudanese force was formed to patrol the border between the two countries. Chad has also decided to close the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission last year along with expulsion of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) forces and the deportation on May 19, 2010 of JEM leader Khalil Ibrahim.

President Deby gained invaluable leverage over his international allies after an attack on the staff of the French company Areva in Niger during September 2010. The attack renewed focus on Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb which has induced the United States to pay for Chadian army training programs.

Oil is the cornerstone of Chad's economy. However, according to the Intenational Monetary Fund (IMF) GDP growth will remain at 4.3% in 2010 and decrease to 3.9% in 2011. Such economic prognostications may have motivated the government to establish the National Programme for Food Security which provides aide for 20% of the population that suffers from food shortages. The program also bolsters agriculture's gum arabic sector which accounts for 7% of GDP and employs 500,000 workers. There is also a growing international and domestic demand for sugar in excess of 80,000 tons. This demand has fostered a renewed focus on road construction to help stem the tide of inflationary costs related to transporation because the nearest port, Douala, is not easily reached from within the country. The Compagnie Sucriere du Tchad certainly has a loaded itinerary.


Official Data


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The Republic of Chad maintains an embassy in the United States at 2401 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: 202-462-4009; fax 202-265-1937).
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